Города и Страны

Телебашня Гуанчжоу Гуанчжоу

Телебашня Гуанчжоу

Телебашня Гуанчжоу или Кантонская башня находится на пересечении Центральной оси Нового города Гуанчжоу и Жемчужной реки, недалеко от места, где была проведена церемонии открытия и закрытия 16-х Азиатских игр. В настоящее телебашня Гуанчжоу это самая высокая башня в Китае и третья по высоте башня в мире.
Кантонская башня имеет высоту 600 метров, 450 метров из которых приходится на ее основную часть и еще 150 метров — на ее антенну. Это делает ее самой высокой башней в Китае и третьей в мире. Телебашня Гуанчжоу демонстрирует дух динамического развития Гуанчжоу. Благодаря своей уникальной форме и дизайну, башня дополнила красоту и очарование Жемчужной реки. Из-за "крутящейся" формы башни можно сделать различные снимки этой башни с разных углов. Телебашня Гуанчжоу является совершенно уникальной среди всех башен во всем мире с точки зрения ее высоты и внешнего вида.
Башня в Гуанчжоу побила несколько мировых рекордов, так как она имеет самую высокую в мире открытую смотровую площадку, самый высокий в мире вращающийся ресторан и т.д.

Достопримечательности Гуанчжоу. Телебашня Гуанчжоу

Кроме того, Кантонская башня успешно стала одним из привилегированных членов Всемирной федерации высотных башен (WFGT).
Телебашня Гуанчжоу это больше, чем просто достопримечательность — это новый символ и образ Гуанчжоу.
488 метров. Именно на такой высоте расположена самая высокая открытая смотровая площадка в мире и самое высокое место, куда посетители могут добраться в Гуанчжоу. Стоя на этой смотровой площадке, посетители могут получить 360-градусный вид на Гуанчжоу. Это лучшее место для любителей фотографии, где вы можете поймать моменты восхода, насладиться лунным светом, звездным небом и панорамой города.
Color China — китайский ресторан, расположенный на 103-м этаже телебашни Гуанчжоу и предлагающий прекрасный вид на город и реку Чжуцзян. Шеф-повар Color China представляет подлинные деликатесы кантонской кухни, которая является одним из четырех известных стилей приготовления пищи в Китае.

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The Canton Tower (Chinese: 广州塔), formally Guangzhou TV Astronomical and Sightseeing Tower (Chinese: 广州电视台天文及观光塔), is a 604 metres (1,982 ft) tall multi-purpose observation tower in the Haizhu District of the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton), in Guangdong, China. The tower was topped out in 2009 and it became operational on 29 September 2010 for the 2010 Asian Games. The tower briefly held the title of tallest tower in the world, replacing the CN Tower, before being surpassed by the Tokyo Skytree. It was the tallest structure in China prior to the topping out of Shanghai Tower on 3 August 2013. It is now the second tallest tower and the fourth-tallest freestanding structure in the world.

There had been a long discussion about the naming of the Canton Tower since the commencement of its construction in 2005 after the groundbreaking ceremony. In September 2009, at the request of the tower’s investor, Guangzhou Daily launched a contest for naming proposals. The contest attracted over 7005180000000000000♠180,000 valid entries, among which "Haixin Tower" (Chinese: 海心塔; literally: "Tower in the Sea") was awarded the first prize. The name alluded to the city’s historical setting as the start of the Maritime Silk Road and the tower’s geographical proximity to Haixinsha Island. However, this name was considered obscure to people unfamiliar with the history of the city. Local residents continued to refer to the tower by various nicknames including "Slim Waist" (Chinese: 小蛮腰), "Twisted Firewood" (Chinese: 扭纹柴; a metaphor for "stubborn" in Cantonese) and "Yangdianfeng" (Chinese: 羊巅峰; literally: "Peak of the Ram City"; homophonic to "epilepsy" in colloquial Chinese).

The naming was reconsidered in 2010. After surveying a broad range of public opinions, "Canton Tower" was decided as the official name and announced at the end of September 2010. The new English name, alluded to the city’s prosperous past, was considered the most identifying and least ambiguous among the multitude of proposals.

Canton Tower was constructed by Guangzhou New Television Tower Group. It is designed by the Dutch architects Mark Hemel and Barbara Kuit of Information Based Architecture, together with Arup, the international design, engineering and business consulting firm headquartered in London, United Kingdom. In 2004, Information Based Architecture and Arup won the international competition, in which many internationally large architectural offices participated. The same year the IBA – Arup team in Amsterdam, developed the tower’s concept design. In later stages, IBA cooperated mainly with the local Chinese office of Arup and a Local Design Institute. Subsequently, in 2005, the groundbreaking of the Canton Tower took place.

The tower, although not fully completed, opened to the public on 1 October 2010 in time for the 16th Asian Games, hosted by Guangzhou in November 2010. The rooftop observatory finally received its official opening in December 2011.

The Canton tower’s twisted shape or hyperboloid structure corresponds to the Russian Empire patent No. 1896, dated 12 March 1899 received by Vladimir Shukhov, the Russian engineer and architect. The structure is similar to the Adziogol Lighthouse (designed by Vladimir Shukhov in 1910) in Ukraine’s Dnepr delta.

The tower was designed by Information Based Architecture and Arup.

The Arup team led by structural engineer Prof. Dr. Joop Paul introduced near mass customisation to the joint design, in combination with parametric design methods, and applied a simple structural concept of three elements: columns, rings and braces, to this more complex geometry.

The waist of the tower contains a 180 m (590 ft) open-air skywalk where visitors can physically climb the tower.

Башни Гуанчжоу

There are outdoor gardens set within the structure, and at the top, just above 450 m (1,480 ft), a large open-air observation deck.

The interior of the tower is subdivided into programmatic zones with various functions, including TV and radio transmission facilities, observatory decks, revolving restaurants, computer gaming, restaurants, exhibition spaces, conference rooms, shops, and 4D cinemas.

A deck at the base of the tower hides the tower’s functional workings. All infrastructural connections – metro and bus stations – are situated underground. This level also includes exhibition spaces, a food court, a commercial space, a parking area for cars and coaches. There are two types of lifts, slow-speed panoramic and high-speed double-decker.

The zone from 80 to 170 m (260 to 560 ft) consists of a 4D cinema, a play-hall area, restaurants, coffee shops and outdoor gardens with teahouses. The highest and longest open-air staircase in the world, the Skywalk, starts at the height of 170 m (558 ft) and spirals almost 170 m (558 ft) higher, all the way through the waist. Parts of the skywalk’s floors are laid with transparent glass.

The top zone of the tower begins above the stairway, housing various technical functions as well as a two-storey rotating restaurant, a tuned mass damper and the upper observation levels. From the upper observation levels it is possible to ascend even higher, via a further set of the stairs, to a terraced observation square rising above the tower’s top ring.

The form, volume and structure of the towers is generated by two ellipses, one at foundation level and the other at a horizontal plane at 450 m (1,480 ft). These two ellipses are rotated relative to another. The tightening caused by the rotation between the two ellipses forms a "waist" and a densification of material halfway up the tower. This means that the lattice structure, which at the bottom of the tower is porous and spacious, becomes denser at waist level. The waist itself becomes tight, like a twisted rope; transparency is reduced and views to the outside are limited. Further up the tower the lattice opens again, accentuated here by the tapering of the structural column-tubes.

The indoor public observatory is 449 m above the ground, which takes the form of a terracedelliptical space, roughly half the size of a standard football field. Opened in December 2011, the rooftop at 488 m was the highest and largest outdoor observation deck in the world, taking over the title from the observation deck of Burj Khalifa at 452m. This remained the case until 14 October 2014, when the record of highest outdoor observatory was retaken by Burj Khalifa when it opened its new observatory called At The Top — Sky, at a height of 555m.

Sixteen transparent "crystal" passenger cars, each with a diameter of 3.2 m (10 ft) and able to carry four to six people, travel on a track round the edge of the tower’s roof, taking between 20 and 40 minutes to circumnavigate the rooftop. The installation is described by the media as a Ferris wheel; however, its passenger cars are not suspended from the rim of a wheel and remain horizontal without being fully rotated, and the track, which follows the incline of the roof, is closer to the horizontal than the vertical. Because this Ferris wheel is operating at high altitude, it was designed to be able to resist 8-magnitude earthquakes and Beaufort Scale 12 typhoons.

At night, the tower glows and emits light, rather than being uplit. Every node in the lighting design is individually controllable to allow for animations and colour changes across the entire height of the tower. As all lighting is based on LED technology and all fixtures are located on the structure itself, the lighting scheme consumes only 15% of the allowed maximum for façade lighting.

The Canton Tower has an architectural lighting that was designed by Arup Lighting. The architectural feature lighting is based on the principle that the tower should not be "lit up" but "radiate a glow" at night. Seven thousand LED light fixtures light the rings of the tower’s structure each from underneath, to form a continuous glow.

The Canton Tower’s main body stands at 450 m (1,476 ft). Combined with the tower’s 150-metre-long (492 ft) antenna, the Canton Tower has a total height of 600 m (1,969 ft), making it the second tallest tower in the world, second tallest in Asia, and the tallest in the People’s Republic of China. The tower has 37 floors, and 2 basement floors.

The Canton Tower weighs a total of 100,000 t (100,000,000 kg), including the tower’s antenna which weighs 1,550 t (1,550,000 kg) and the main body, which includes all the features of the tower, which weighs a total of 98,450 t (98,450,000 kg).

The Canton Tower occupies a total floor area of 175,458 m2 (1,888,610 sq ft). In addition, the tower’s net usable area measures 114,054 m2 (1,227,670 sq ft).

Guangzhou tower’s original design height was a total of 612.2 meters (including a 1.2 meter lightning rod).

According to the Guangzhou Urban Planning Bureau and the Guangzhou Construction Engineering Supervision Co., Ltd., the Guangzhou tower adjusted total building height is 595.71 meters, with the main tower at a height of 448.80 meters, and the antenna mast height at 146.91 meters. The viewing platform is located in the Guangzhou tower mast antenna at a breathtaking location of 488 meters, with tourists able to reach this commanding height.

The Canton Tower is situated alongside the Yiyuan Road (Yuejiang Road West), in the city of Guangzhou, the capital and the largest city of the provincial level division of Guangdong which lies in the southernmost part of the People’s Republic of China. Additionally, several famous landmarks surround the tower, including pagodas, a park towards the south, and several high-rise apartments, buildings, and skyscrapers, both commercial and residential.

Red fireworks from the Canton Tower during the 2010 Asian Games opening ceremony, hosted in Guangzhou

Red fireworks coming out from the Canton Tower during the 2010 Asian Games

Diagram of the world’s tallest buildings and structures with public observation facilities.

Возведение телебашни Гуанчжоу было приурочено к открытию Азиатских игр 2010 года, проходивших в этом городе. Строительство началось в 2005 году и продолжалось 5 лет, на момент постройки телевизионная башня была самой высокой в мире, ее высота составляет 610 метров.

Телебашня Гуанчжоу: отзывы

До уровня в 450 метров гиперболоидная конструкция в форме сетчатой оболочки и центральное ядро составляют основу башни, а завершается сооружение 160-метровым шпилем.

На высоте 450 метров расположена смотровая площадка, откуда можно любоваться восхитительной панорамой города. В сутки телебашня способна принимать порядка десяти тысяч человек. Телебашня Гуанчжоу с недавних пор является второй самой высокой телевизионной башней в мире (первое место занимает телебашня под названием «Небесное дерево Токио»). Возведение телевизионной башни длилось с 2005 по 2010 год – проект был готов как раз к началу проведения в городе Гуанчжоу Азиатских Игр

Конструкция

По завершении строительства высота телебашни Гаунчжоу достигла 610 метров (из которых 160 метров – шпиль), обогнав своего ближайшего конкурента, Си-Эн Тауэр, на 76 метров. Основой конструкции стали стальные трубы большого диаметра

Телебашня

Смешным фактом является то, что сверхсовременная телебашня в китайском городе Гуанчжоу, возведённая в начале XXI столетия, основана на конструкции, патент на которую был выдан ещё в конце XIX века – гениальному русскому инженеру Шухову, чьи гиперболоидные конструкции были выстроены по всему миру. Подробнее о них можно прочитать в статье Шуховские башни. Простота и гениальность

Открытие Игр

Сегодня башня ежедневно принимает около 10 тысяч желающих полюбоваться умопомрачительной панорамой города с высоты 450 метров. Сетчатая оболочка башни выполнена из стальных труб большого диаметра. Башню венчает стальной шпиль высотой 160 метров. Башня предназначена для трансляции ТВ- и радио-сигналов, а также для обзора панорамы Гуанчжоу и рассчитана на приём 10 000 туристов в день. На высотах 33, 116, 168 и 449 метров расположены застеклённые обзорные площадки, на высоте 488 метров расположена открытая обзорная платформа. Вращающиеся рестораны находятся на высотах 418 и 428 метров, на высоте 407 метров есть VIP-кафе.

Телебашня Гуанчжоу на карте Гуанчжоу

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